Module:Language/data/iana languages/make

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Template:Lua

This is a crude tool that reads a local copy of an IANA language-subtag-registry file and extracts the information necessary to create the data tables held by:

The tool skips records that contain the words: 'Deprecated', 'Preferred-Value', and 'Private use'.

At this writing, the tool extracts only the subtag code and description(s) from language, script, region, and variant records.

Usage

To use this tool:

  1. Open a blank sandbox page and paste the following at the top:
    {{#invoke:Language/data/iana languages/make|iana_extract}}
  2. Go to the current language-subtag-registry file (or any of the files held by archive.org). Copy the whole (or just as much as you need) and paste it into the sandbox page below the {{#invoke:}}.
  3. Click Show preview
  4. Wait
  5. Copy result

There is some crude error checking that will insert an error message in the output. No guarantees that such messaging will be helpful. Search for the word 'error' in the tool's output.


require('Module:No globals');


--[=[------------------------< G E T _ V A R I A N T _ P A R T S >---------------------------------------------

We get a record that looks more-or-less like this:
	%%\n
	Type: variant\n
	Subtag: bohoric\n
	Description: Slovene in Bohorič alphabet\n
	Added: 2012-06-27\n
	Prefix: sl\n

Each line is terminated with a \n character.

Type, for this function can only be 'variant'

Subtag is the code of Type

Prefix is a language code to which this variant applies; one language code per Prefix line.  There can be
more than one prefix line.

Description associates Subtag with a proper name or names; one name per Description line.  There can be more
than one Description line and Description lines can wrap to the next line.  When they do, the first two
characters of the continuation line are spaces.

Comments: lines can also be continued so once in a Comments line (which is otherwise ignored) all further
continuations in the record are also ignored.  This is a crude mechanism to prevent comment continuations
from being concatenated onto the end of descriptions and relies on Description line occuring in the record
before the Comments line.

Records with private use subtags are ignored.

]=]

local function get_variant_parts (record)
	local code;
	local descriptions = {};
	local prefixes = {};
	local in_comments = false;

	if string.find (record, 'Deprecated', 1, true) or string.find (record, 'Preferred-Value', 1, true)
			or string.find (record, 'Private use', 1, true) then
		return 'skip';
	end

	for line in string.gmatch (record, '([^\n]+)\n') do						-- get a \n terminated line of text (without the \n)
		local label = string.match(line, "(.-):")
		
		if not label and string.find (line, '^  .+') and not in_comments then		-- if a continuation line but not a comments continuation
			descriptions[#descriptions] = string.gsub (descriptions[#descriptions], '\"$', '');		-- remove trailing quote mark from previous description
			descriptions[#descriptions] = descriptions[#descriptions] .. ' ' .. string.match (line, '^  (.+)') .. '\"';	-- extract and save the continuation with new quote mark
		elseif label == 'Subtag' then						-- if this line is the subtag line
			code = string.match (line, 'Subtag: (%w+)');				-- extract and save to subtag's code
		elseif label == 'Description' then					-- if this line is a description line
			local desc = string.match (line, 'Description: (.+)');			-- extract the description
			desc = string.gsub (desc, '"', '\\"');							-- in case description contains quote marks (see 1959acad)
			table.insert (descriptions, '\"' .. desc .. '\"');					-- save the description wrapped in quote marks
		elseif label == 'Prefix' then						-- if this line is a prefix line
			table.insert (prefixes, '\"' .. string.match (line, 'Prefix: (.+)'):lower() .. '\"');	-- extract and save the prefix wrapped in quote marks
		elseif label == 'Comments' then						-- if this line is a comments line
			in_comments = true;
		end
	end
	
	return code, table.concat (prefixes, ', '), table.concat (descriptions, ', ');
end


--[=[------------------------< G E T _ L A N G _ S C R I P T _ R E G I O N _ P A R T S >-----------------------

We get a record that looks more-or-less like this:
	%%\n
	Type: language\n
	Subtag: aa\n
	Description: Afar\n
	Added: 2005-10-16\n

	
Each line is terminated with a \n character.

Type, for our purposes can be 'language', 'script', or 'region'

Subtag is the code of Type

Description associates Subtag with a proper name or names; one name per Description line.  There can be more
than one Description line and Description lines can wrap to the next line.  When they do, the first two
characters of the continuation line are spaces.

Comments: lines can also be continued so once in a Comments line (which is otherwise ignored) all further
continuations in the record are also ignored.  This is a crude mechanism to prevent comment continuations
from being concatenated onto the end of descriptions and relies on Description line occuring in the record
before the Comments line.

Records with private use subtags are ignored.

]=]

local function get_lang_script_region_parts (record)
	local code;
	local suppress;																-- Suppress script for this code if specified
	local deprecated;															-- boolean; true when subtag is deprecated
	local descriptions = {};
	local in_comments = false;

	if record:find ('Private use') then
		return 'skip';
	end

	for line in record:gmatch ('([^\n]+)\n') do									-- get a \n terminated line of text (without the \n)
		local label = line:match ('(.-):');
		if 'Subtag' == label then												-- if this line is the subtag line
			code = line:match ('Subtag: (%w+)');								-- extract and save to subtag's code
		elseif 'Description' == label then										-- if this line is a description line
			table.insert (descriptions, '\"' .. line:match ('Description: (.+)') .. '\"');	-- extract and save the name wrapped in quote marks
		elseif 'Deprecated' == label then
			deprecated = true;													-- subtag is deprecated; set our flag
		elseif 'Suppress-Script' == label then
			suppress = line:match ('Suppress%-Script: (%S+)');
		elseif 'Comments' == label then											-- if this line is a comments line
			in_comments = true;
		elseif line:find ('^  .+') and not in_comments then						-- if a continuation line but not a commnets continuation
			descriptions[#descriptions] = descriptions[#descriptions]:gsub ('\"$', '');		-- remove trailing quote mark from previous description
			descriptions[#descriptions] = descriptions[#descriptions] .. ' ' .. line:match ('^  (.+)') .. '\"';	-- extract and save the continuation with new quote mark
		end
	end
	
	return code, table.concat (descriptions, ', '), suppress, deprecated;
end


--[=[------------------------< I A N A _ E X T R A C T >-------------------------------------------------------

read a local copy of the IANA language-subtag-registry file and from it build tables to replace the tables in:
	[[Module:Language/data/iana languages]]
	[[Module:Language/data/iana scripts]
	[[Module:Language/data/iana regions]]

current language-subtag-registry file can be found at: http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry
archive.org has copies of previous versions see: https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.iana.org/assignments/language-subtag-registry

]=]

local function iana_extract (frame)
	local page = mw.title.getCurrentTitle();									-- get a page object for this page
	local content = page:getContent();											-- get unparsed content
	local lang_table = {};														-- languages go here
	local lang_dep_table = {};													-- deprecated languages go here
	local script_table = {};													-- scripts go here
	local region_table = {};													-- regions go here
	local variant_table = {};													-- variants go here
	local suppress_table = {};													-- here we collect suppressed scripts and associated language codes
	local iso_639_1_table = {};													-- ISO 639-1 languages; not used by Module:Lang but included here to ensure Module:Language/data/ISO_639-1 gets updated
	local file_date;															-- first line

	local code;
	local descriptions;
	local prefixes;																-- used for language variants only
	local suppress;																-- a code's suppress script
	local deprecated;															-- boolean: true when subtag is deprecated

	file_date = content:match ('(File%-Date: %d%d%d%d%-%d%d%-%d%d)');			-- get the file date line from this version of the source file

	for record in string.gmatch (content, '%%%%([^%%]+)') do					-- get a %% delimited 'record' from the file; leave off the delimiters
		local record_type = string.match(record, 'Type: (%w+)')
		if record_type == 'language' then										-- if a language record
			code, descriptions, suppress, deprecated = get_lang_script_region_parts (record);	-- get the code, description(s), suppress script, and deprecated flag
			
			if code and ('skip' ~= code) then
				if deprecated then
					table.insert (lang_dep_table, "[\"" .. code .. "\"] = {" .. descriptions .. "}");		-- make table entries
				else
					table.insert (lang_table, "[\"" .. code .. "\"] = {" .. descriptions .. "}");			-- make table entries
					if 2 == code:len() then
						table.insert (iso_639_1_table, "[\"" .. code .. "\"] = {" .. descriptions .. "}");	-- make table entries
					end
				end
			elseif not code then
				table.insert (lang_table, "[\"error\"] = {" .. record .. "}");	-- code should never be nil, but inserting an error entry in the final output can be helpful
			end
																				-- here we collect suppress stript tags and their associated language codes;
																				-- prettigying the data in this table must wait until all language codes have been read
			if suppress then													-- if this code has a suppressed script
				local suppressed_code = table.concat ({'\"', code, '\"'});		-- wrap the code in quotes
				
				if suppress_table[suppress] then								-- if there is an entry for this script
					table.insert (suppress_table[suppress], suppressed_code);	-- insert the new code
				else
					suppress_table[suppress] = {};								-- add new script and empty table
					table.insert (suppress_table[suppress], suppressed_code);	-- insert the new code
				end
			end

		elseif record_type == 'script' then					-- if a script record
			code, descriptions = get_lang_script_region_parts (record);			-- get the code and description(s)
			
			if code and ('skip' ~= code) then														
				table.insert (script_table, "[\"" .. code .. "\"] = {" .. descriptions .. "}");	-- make table entries
			elseif not code then
				table.insert (script_table, "[\"error\"] = {" .. record .. "}");	-- code should never be nil, but ...
			end

		elseif record_type == 'region' then					-- if a region record
			code, descriptions = get_lang_script_region_parts (record);			-- get the code and description(s)
			
			if code and ('skip' ~= code) then														
				table.insert (region_table, "[\"" .. code .. "\"] = {" .. descriptions .. "}");	-- make table entries
			elseif not code then
				table.insert (region_table, "[\"error\"] = {" .. record .. "}");	-- code should never be nil, but ...
			end

		elseif record_type == 'variant' then					-- if a variant record
			code, prefixes, descriptions = get_variant_parts (record);			-- get the code, prefix(es), and description(s)

			if code and ('skip' ~= code) then														
				table.insert (variant_table,
					table.concat ({
						"[\"",
						code,
						"\"] = {<br />&#9;&#9;[\"descriptions\"] = {",
						descriptions,
						"},<br />&#9;&#9;[\"prefixes\"] = {",
						prefixes,
						"},<br />&#9;&#9;}"
						})
					);
			elseif not code then
				table.insert (variant_table, "[\"error\"] = {" .. record .. "}");	-- code should never be nil, but ...
			end
		end
	end
																				-- now prettify the supressed script table
	local pretty_suppressed = {};
	
	for script, code_tbl in pairs (suppress_table) do
		local LIMIT = 11;														-- max number of subtags on a line before a line break
		local fragment_tbl = {};												-- groups of LIMIT number of subtags collected here
		
		for i=1, #code_tbl, LIMIT do
			local stop = ((i+LIMIT-1) > #code_tbl) and #code_tbl or i+LIMIT-1;	-- calculate a table.concat stop position
			table.insert (fragment_tbl, table.concat (code_tbl, ', ', i, stop));	-- get the fragment and save it
		end
		
		table.insert (pretty_suppressed,										-- and make all pretty
			table.concat ({'[\"', script, '\"] = {', table.concat (fragment_tbl, ',\n\t\t\t\t'), '}'})
			);
	end
	table.sort (pretty_suppressed);

																				-- make final output pretty
	return '<br /><pre>------------------------------< I A N A   L A N G U A G E S >--------------------------------------------------<br />--' ..
			file_date .. "<br />local active = {<br />&#9;" .. table.concat (lang_table, ',<br />&#9;') .. "<br />&#9;}<br /><br />" .. 
			"local deprecated = {<br />&#9;" .. table.concat (lang_dep_table, ',<br />&#9;') .. "<br />&#9;}<br /><br />" .. 
			"return {<br />&#9;active = active,<br />&#9;deprecated = deprecated,<br />&#9;}<br /><br />" ..
			'------------------------------< I A N A   S C R I P T S >------------------------------------------------------<br />--' ..
			file_date .. "<br />return {<br />&#9;" .. table.concat (script_table, ',<br />&#9;') .. "<br />&#9;}<br /><br />" ..
			'------------------------------< I A N A   R E G I O N S >------------------------------------------------------<br />--' ..
			file_date .. "<br />return {<br />&#9;" .. table.concat (region_table, ',<br />&#9;') .. "<br />&#9;}<br /><br />" ..
			'------------------------------< I A N A   V A R I A N T S >----------------------------------------------------<br />--' ..
			file_date .. "<br />return {<br />&#9;" .. table.concat (variant_table, ',<br />&#9;') .. "<br />&#9;}<br /><br />" ..
			'------------------------------< I A N A   S U P P R E S S E D   S C R I P T S >--------------------------------<br />--' ..
			file_date .. "<br />return {<br />&#9;" .. table.concat (pretty_suppressed, ',<br />&#9;') .. "<br />&#9;}<br /><br />" ..
			'------------------------------< I S O   6 3 9 - 1 >------------------------------------------------------------<br />--' ..
			file_date .. "<br />return {<br />&#9;" .. table.concat (iso_639_1_table, ',<br />&#9;') .. "<br />&#9;}<br /><br />" .. "</pre>";
end


--[[--------------------------< E X P O R T E D   F U N C T I O N >--------------------------------------------
]]

return {
	iana_extract = iana_extract,
	}