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Walter Burley

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Walter Burley (or Burleigh), c.1275-1344/5, was a medieval English logician. He was a Master of Arts at Oxford in 1301, and a fellow of Merton College, Oxford until 1305. He studied theology in Paris from before 1310, and by c.1320 he was a doctor of theology at Paris. He was a fellow of the Sorbonne by 1324. After studying William of Ockham's commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, Burley opposed Ockham on a number of points concerning logic and natural philosophy.


Life

Work

His main work was the De Puritate Artis Logicae Tractatus Longior, in which he covers such topics as the truth conditions for complex sentences, both truth-functional and modal, as well as providing rules of inferences for different types of inferences. He was one of the first logicians to recognize the priority of the propositional calculus over the predicate calculus, despite the fact that the latter had been the main focus of logicians up until this period.

Influence

Primary sources

  • Commenta super libros Priorum
  • Commentarius in librum Perihermeneias Aristotelis
  • Conclusiones Metaphysicae
  • De consequentiis (I)
  • De consequentiis (II)
  • De Deo, natura et arte (De tribus in toto universo per se agentibus)
  • De diffinitione sive de modo diffiniendi
  • De divisione scientiarum
  • De ente
  • De exceptivis
  • De exclusivis
  • De finito et infinito
  • De fluxu et refluxu maris anglicani
  • De insolubilibus
  • De mixtione elementorum
  • De obligationibus (I)
  • De obligationibus (II)
  • De obligationibus (III)
  • De potentia activa et passiva
  • De primo et ultimo instanti
  • De principiis naturalibus
  • De probationibus hyopotheticis conditionalibus
  • De puritate artis logice (I) (Tractatus brevior)
  • De puritate artis logice (II) (Tractatus longior)
  • De qualitatibus
  • De relativis
  • De sensibus
  • De sensibus interioribus
  • De signis distributivis
  • De sophismatibus cum sophistaria
  • De syncategorematibus
  • De toto et parte
  • De tribus agentibus
  • Dicta de libro Physicorum
  • Distinctiones terminorum communium
  • Divisiones et sententie summarie super Metaphysicam
  • Dubia super librum Physicorum
  • Epistula dedicatoria ad Parisiensem Universitatem
  • Expositio (Quaestiones) super librum Peryermeneias (III)
  • Expositio (Quaestiones) super librum Porphyrii
  • Expositio de motu animalium (Inc.: "De motu autem eo qui est animalium, etcetera".)
  • Expositio libri de anima
  • Expositio libri De caelo et mundo
  • Expositio libri De generatione et corruptione
  • Expositio libri De longitudine et brevitate vitae
  • Expositio libri De memoria et reminescentia
  • Expositio libri De sensu et sensato
  • Expositio libri De sex principiis
  • Expositio libri De somno et vigilia
  • Expositio libri Meteororum
  • Expositio libri Priorum
  • Expositio librorum De anima
  • Expositio librorum Physicorum
  • Expositio librorum Physicorum
  • Expositio librorum Praedicamentorum et Perihermenias (II)
  • Expositio super artem veterem
  • Expositio super Averrois De substantia orbis
  • Expositio super Fallacias breves ad modum Oxonie
  • Expositio super libros De causis
  • Expositio super libros Topicorum
  • Expositio super librum Posteriorum (I)
  • Expositio super librum Posteriorum (II)
  • Expostitio librorum Ethicorum
  • Fragmenta
  • In Ethica Nicomachea
  • In libros I-IV Sententiarum
  • In libros Oeconomicorum
  • In librum De juventute et senectute
  • In Physicam Aristotelis Expositio et Quaestiones
  • In Praedicamenta Aristotelis (red. prima)
  • Liber de vita et moribus philosophorum
  • Notabilia de logicis (Tractatus de relativis, Tracttus de abstractis, De divisione entis, De finito et infinito, De toto et parte, Tractatus de sensibus, De duobus primis principiis (= De materia et forma), De qualitatibus, De tribus in toto ... etc.)
  • Notabilia de potentiis animae
  • Notulae super De caelo et mundo
  • Notulae super De generatione et corruptione
  • Notulae super librum Meteororum
  • Quaestio de duratione
  • Quaestio disputata: utrum contradictio sit maximo
  • Quaestio theologica
  • Quaestiones (quinque) date a mag. Waltero de Burley super librom Peryamenias
  • Quaestiones circa tertium De anima (Quaestiones in De anima)
  • Quaestiones de arte vetere (De universalibus, de Predicamentis, de sex principiis)
  • Quaestiones in libros De caelo et mundo
  • Quaestiones metaphysicales (Metaphysicales quaestiones et defensiones Thomae Aquinatis)
  • Quaestiones super libros Meteororum
  • Quaestiones super libros Physicorum
  • Quaestiones super libros Topicorum
  • Quaestiones super librum Elenchorum
  • Quaestiones super librum Perihermenias (Quaestiones V super librum 'Peri hermeneias')
  • Quaestiones super librum Posteriorum Analyticorum
  • Quaestiones super Politica
  • Quaestiones super Porphyrii et Praedicamentorum
  • Quaestiones super Porphyrium
  • Quattuor quaestiones in Librum sex principiorum
  • Quedam quaestiones naturales
  • Quodlibet: De primo et ultimo instanti (De instanti)
  • Quodlibetum I
  • Scriptum super libros Politicorum
  • Sententia super Barbarismo Prisciano
  • Sententia super libros Physicorum
  • Shorter treatise on the Ethics
  • Summa librorum Elenchorum; Tractatus de modo arguendi
  • Summa totius logicae
  • Super De generatione et corruptione
  • Suppositiones
  • Tractatus de activitate qualitatum sensibilium
  • Tractatus de activitate, unitate et augmento formarum activarum habentium contraria et suscipientia magis et minus
  • Tractatus de decem generibus accidentium
  • Tractatus de formis
  • Tractatus de materia et forma (Inc.: "Notandum quod tantum sunt duo principia ...")
  • Tractatus de planetis et eorum virtute
  • Tractatus de potentiis animae
  • Tractatus de universalibus realibus
  • Tractatus primus de intensione et remissione
  • Tractatus primus: De formis accidentalibus I: De quattour conclusionibus circa formis accidentales
  • Tractatus secundus: De formis accidentalibus II: De causa intrinseca susceptionis magis et minus (später: De intensione et remissione formarum)
  • Utrum contradictio sit maxima oppositio
  • Utrum contraria adequata in virtutibus agant et patiantur ad invicem
  • Utrum sola lex naturalis sufficit homini ad evitandem extremam miseriam

Secondary sources

  • De Leemans, Pieter: "Medieval Latin Commentaries on Aristotle's De Motu Animalium". In: RTPM 67,2 (2000), 272-360.
  • Dorandi, T.: La versio latina antiqua di Diogene Laerzio e la sua recezione nel Medievo occidentalte: il Compendium moralium notabilium di Geremia da Montagnone e il Liber de vita et moribus philosophorum dello ps.Burleo, in: Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale 10 (1999), 371-396.
  • Glorieux, La Littérature Quodlibétique II, 1935, 69.
  • Grinaschi, M.: 'Corrigenda e addenda' sulla questione dello ps.Burleo, in: Medioevo 16 (1990), 325-354;
  • Grinaschi, M.: Lo pseudo Walter Burley e il 'Liber de vita et moribus philosophorum', in: Medioevo 16 (1990), 131-190.
  • Lohr, Charles: Medieval Latin Aristotle Commentaries, in: Traditio 24 (1968), 149-245.
  • Perger, Mischa von: "Walter Burley über das Vorwissen des Schulwissens. Eine provisorische Edition von Prolog und Kap. 1 der Expositio Librum Posteriorum". In: Traditio 57 (2002), 239-288.
  • Perler, D.: "Walter Burleigh"; in: Volpi, Franco (Hrsg.): Großes Werklexikon der Philosophie, 1. Bd., Stuttgart 1999, 248-250.
  • Piaia, Gregorio: "Vestigia philosophorum". Il medioevo e la storiografia filosofica, RImini (Maggioli) 1983.
  • Sharpe, Richard: A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540, Turnhout 1997.
  • Sommers, Mary Catherine: "Introduction", in: Walter Burley. Quaestiones super librum Posteriorum, hrsg. v. M. C. Sommers, Toronto 2000 [PIMS, Studies and texts 136]..
  • Synan, Edward A.: "Introduction", in: Questions on the De Anima of Aristotle by Magister Adam Burley and Dominus Walter Burley, hrsg. v. Edward A. Synan, Leiden/New York/Köln 1997 [Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters, Band 55].
  • Von Perger, Mischa: "Walter Burley über das Vorwissen des Schulwissens. Eine provisorische Edition von Prolog und Kap. 1 der Expositio Librum Posteriorum". In: Traditio 57 (2002), 239-288.
  • Weijers, Olga: Le travail intellectuel à la faculté des arts de Paris. Textes et maîtres (ca. 1200-1500), III, Turnhout (Brepols) 1998 [Studia Aristarum, 6].

Links

Notability

This philosopher has 1 pages in the Blackwell Companion.

1275 1310 England 1344 Paris? France?