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Andrew of Cornwall

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Andrew of Cornwall (Andreas Cornubiensis, Andreas de Cornubia, André de Cornouailles) flourished in the 1290's at Oxford. He is thought to have introduced Parisan modism in to England, and possibly to have influenced the young Duns Scotus. These conclusions are tentative, since we are almost totally ignorant of the details of Andrew's life, and the dates and location of his activity are not certain.

All that we know of Andrew is from the evidence of his work, in the manuscript Munich BSB clm. 14383, containing Quaestiones super librum Sex principiorum (81ra-86ra), and Questiones super librum Porphyrii (86rb-92va).

There is no date or reference to locality given in Andrew's part of the manuscript. Andrew is explicitly identified as author of the questions on the Sex principiorum (Expliciunt quaestiones super librum Sex principiorum datae a domino Andrea de Cornubia. The subsequent work has the titles erased, but Grabmann attributes it to the same author on the basis of similarities. Grabmann suggests that Andrew might have been a master at the Arts faculty in Paris, but Andrews argues that the scribe and the author are both English. 'Cornubia' clearly refers to Cornwall in England, and the split ascender on the 'l' and other paleographical evidence suggests the hand was English.

Life

Work

Influence

Primary sources

Manuscripts

  • Quaestiones super librum Porphyrii (Questiones super Porphyrii Isagogen)
  • Quaestiones super librum Sex principiorum (München, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Katalog der Handschriften aus dem Benediktinerkloster St. Emmeram in Regensburg Vorläufige Beschreibung, erstellt von Friedrich Helmer [1] 81ra-86ra Andreas de Cornubia: Quaestiones super Librum de sex principiis Questiones [Stelle getilgt] super librum sex principiorum (Kopftitel gerahmt). Forma est composicioni contingens et in et cetera. Queratur primo, an hec diffinicio sit solius forme accidentalis … – … et per litteram patet ad omnes raciones. Expliciunt questiones super librum sex principiorum date a domino Andrea de Cornubia; quaestiones am unteren Rand gerahmt wiederholt. Initium, Explicit und die einzelnen Quästionen nach dieser Handschrift (bisher einziger Textzeuge) bei M. MARKOWSKI, Die Kommentare zum Liber de sex principiis in den mittelalterlichen Handschriften der Staatsbibliothek München, in: Mélanges offerts à René Crozet, t. II, éd. par P. GALLAIS et Y.-J. RIOU, Poitiers 1966, S. 1275-1282, hierzu S. 1277. – Vgl. GRABMANN, Mitteilungen (wie oben), S. 237 f.; danach verzeichnet bei LOHR, Commentaries I, S. 358 und GLORIEUX, La faculté des arts, S. 91. – Vgl. O. WEIJERS, Le travail intellectuel à la faculté des arts de Paris: textes et maîtres (ca. 1200-1500) I. Répertoire des noms commençant par A-B. 1994 (Studia Artistarum 1), S. 62 f.

Secondary sources

  • Andrews, R. 1999, 'Andrew of Cornwall and the Reception of Modism in England,” in Medieval Analyses in Language and Cognition, Acts of the Symposium, ‘The Copenhagen School of Medieval Philosophy’, January 10-13, 1996, ed. Sten Ebbesen and Russell L. Friedman, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters - C. A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. [WARBURG Main ABB 47]
  • Grabmann, Martin 1936 "Mitteilungen aus Munchener Handschriften uber bisher unbekannte Philosophen der Artistenfakultat (cod. lat. 14246 u7nd 14388) in id., Mittelalterliches Geistesleben II. Max Hueber: Munchen.

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1295? England

England