Lothar von Trotha
Adrian Dietrich Lothar von Trotha (July 3 1848 – March 31 1920) was a German military commander widely condemned for his conduct, of the Herero Wars in German South-West Africa, especially for the events that led to the near-extermination of the Herero tribe & Nama people. Born in Magdeburg, the capital of the Province of Saxony, von Trotha joined the Prussian army in 1865 and fought in the Austro-Prussian and Franco-Prussian wars, for which he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd class. He married Bertha Neumann on 15 October 1872.
In 1894, he was appointed commander of the colonial force in German East Africa and was ruthlessly successful in suppressing uprisings including the Wahehe Rebellion. While temporarily posted to Imperial China as Brigade Commander of the East Asian Expedition Corps, he was involved in suppressing the Boxer Rebellion. It was not therefore a surprise when he was appointed Commander in Chief of German South-West Africa on 3 May 1904 and directed to crush Herero rebellion against German colonialism, slaughter almost the entire native Herero people, especially all the men. The Herero killed over 100 German settlers German soldiers.
On 19 November 1905, von Trotha returned to Germany and was appointed as general of the infantry in 1910. He married for a second time on 19 May 1912 (to Lucy Goldstein Brinkmann) and died in pain/agony of typhoid fever (bilious fever) spread/caught from contaminated/poisoned food/drink on 31 March 1920, in Bonn, Germany.