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'''Francis of Meyronnes''' (Franciscus Mayronius OFM, Franciscus de Meyronnes, Franciscus von Meyronnes, Franciscus de Mayronis de Digna, Franciscus de Mayronis, Franz von Mayronis, Doctor illuminatus, c 1288-1328) was an Franciscan theologian and philosopher of the middle ages.  He followed [[Duns Scotus]] in defending the [[formal distinction]], the univocity of being, the concept of haecceity, the absolute predestination of Christ and the immaculate conception. He was born into a noble family of Provence, with connections to the house of Anjou.  <ref>Much of this material was sourced from [http://users.bart.nl/~roestb/franciscan/index.htm Maarten van der Heijden's excellent site] on Franciscans - for more details please see there</ref>
| name = [[Person_First_Name:=Francis]] [[Person_Last_Name:=Meyronnes]]
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| birth_date = [[Birth Date:=1288]]
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| birth_place = [[Birth_Country_Name:=France]]
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| death_date = [[Death Date:=1328 ]]
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| death_place = [[Death_City:=Piacenza]], [[Death_Country_Name:=France]]
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| death_cause = unknown
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| occupation = [[NAICS/54|Philosopher]]
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'''Francis of Meyronnes''' (c 1288-1328) was an Franciscan theologian and philosopher of the middle ages.  He followed [[Duns Scotus]] in defending the [[formal distinction]], the univocity of being, the concept of haecceity, the absolute predestination of Christ and the immaculate conception. He was born into a noble family of Provence, with connections to the house of Anjou. 
      
== Life ==
 
== Life ==
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Francis was born in Meyronnes in the Alpes de Haute-Provence. His family was closely connected with Charles I of Anjou . He became friar in the Digne convent (Provence province). He probably followed a lectorate course at the Paris studium (Fall 1304-July 1307), where he became acquainted with the theology of Scotus. After his lectorate studies, he taught the Sentences in various Franciscan studia of France and Italy, and for some time was custodian of the Sisteron custody. He went up for his theology degree course and read the Sentences pro gradu magisterii at Paris 1320-21.  
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Francis was born in Meyronnes in the Alpes de Haute-Provence. His family was closely connected with Charles I of Anjou . He became friar in the Digne convent (Provence province). He probably followed a lectorate course at the Paris studium (Autumn 1304-July 1307), where he became acquainted with the theology of Scotus. After his lectorate studies, he taught the Sentences in various Franciscan studia of France and Italy, and for some time was custodian of the Sisteron custody. He went up for his theology degree course and read the Sentences pro gradu magisterii at Paris 1320-21.  
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He took a stand, probably before 1323 on the debate about apostolic poverty, arguing in favour of absolute poverty.  This did not lead him into conflict with Pope John XXII.
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He took a stand, probably before 1323 on the debate about apostolic poverty, arguing in favour of absolute poverty.  This did not lead him into conflict with Pope John XXII.
    
== Work ==
 
== Work ==
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* In Libros Sententiarum, Quodlibeta, Tractatus formalitatum, De primo principio, Terminorum theologicalium declarationes, De univocatione, ed. Mauritius de Hibernia (Venice, 1519/Venice,1520/Reprint by Minerva, Frankfurt a.M., 1966). ).  
 
* In Libros Sententiarum, Quodlibeta, Tractatus formalitatum, De primo principio, Terminorum theologicalium declarationes, De univocatione, ed. Mauritius de Hibernia (Venice, 1519/Venice,1520/Reprint by Minerva, Frankfurt a.M., 1966). ).  
* See also Roth (1936), Roßmann (1971 & 1972) and Duval, DSpir X, 1156, which mention other editions of his Sentences Commentary, namely: Reportatio Parisiensis/Lectura Parisiensis (Book I: Trevisa, 1476 & 1478/Basel, 1489; All four Books: Venice, 1504-1507). Several questions on the immaculate collection, derived from his Sentences commentary, have been edited separately, together with some sermons on the same subject in P.Alva y Astorga, Monumenta Antiqua Seraphica pro Immaculata Conceptione (Louvain, 1664), 275-326. Quodlibet 8 has received a modern edition in W.J. Courtenay, Capacity and Volition. A History of the Distinction of Absolute and Ordained Power (Pergamo, 1990), 126-129 (deals with Qdlb 8)) For these and other Quodlibeta, see also Roßmann (1972). An electornic version of the Tractatus Formalitatum taken from the 1519 edition can be found on URL http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060338 An electronic version of the Tractatus de Univocatione Entis, De primo principio/De principio complex, and the Terminorum theologicalium declarationes/De terminis theologicis taken from the 1517 Venice edition likewise can be found there. See also Roth (1936), Roßmann (1971 & 1972), and Duval, DSpir X, 1156, which mention other editions of his Sentences Commentary, namely: Reportatio Parisiensis/Lectura Parisiensis (Book I: Trevisa, 1476 & 1478/Basel, 1489; All four Books: Venice, 1504-1507). Several questions on the immaculate collection, derived from his Sentences commentary, have been edited separately, together with some sermons on the same subject in P. Alva y Astorga, Monumenta Antiqua Seraphica pro Immaculata Conceptione (Louvain, 1664), 275-326. Quodlibet 8 has received a modern edition in W.J. Courtenay, Capacity and Volition. A History of the Distinction of Absolute and Ordained Power (Pergamo, 1990), 126-129 (deals with Qdlb 8)) For these and other Quodlibeta, see also Roßmann (1972).  A Pdf of a 1476 edition of the Super primum sententiarum scriptum can be found on the URL http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060073
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* See also Roth (1936), Roßmann (1971 & 1972) and Duval, DSpir X, 1156, which mention other editions of his Sentences Commentary, namely: Reportatio Parisiensis/Lectura Parisiensis (Book I: Trevisa, 1476 & 1478/Basel, 1489; All four Books: Venice, 1504-1507). Several questions on the immaculate collection, derived from his Sentences commentary, have been edited separately, together with some sermons on the same subject in P.Alva y Astorga, Monumenta Antiqua Seraphica pro Immaculata Conceptione (Louvain, 1664), 275-326. Quodlibet 8 has received a modern edition in W.J. Courtenay, Capacity and Volition. A History of the Distinction of Absolute and Ordained Power (Pergamo, 1990), 126-129 (deals with Qdlb 8)) For these and other Quodlibeta, see also Roßmann (1972). There is an electronic version of the ''Tractatus Formalitatum'' taken from the 1519 edition [http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060338], which includes the ''Tractatus de Univocatione Entis'', ''De primo principio''/''De principio complex'', and the ''Terminorum theologicalium declarationes''/''De terminis theologicis'' taken from the 1517 Venice edition.  
* Passus super Universalia, Predicamenta et Perihermenias (Bologna, 1478) (see Hain 10536); Lerida 1485; Milan, 1489; Venice, 1489; Toulouse, 1490; Venice, 1517). An electronic version of  the 1489 and 1517 Venice editions can be found on the URL http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n059436 The 1490 Toulouse edition apparently can be found on the URL http://bibliothek.uv.es/search*val/aMayer%2C+Henricus+/amayer+henricus/1,1,2,B/l962&FF=amayer+henricus&2,,2,0,-1 Another 1490 edition of several of his Logicalia is to be found on URL http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n053143
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* See also Roth (1936), Roßmann (1971 & 1972), and Duval, DSpir X, 1156, which mention other editions of his Sentences Commentary, namely: Reportatio Parisiensis/Lectura Parisiensis (Book I: Trevisa, 1476 & 1478/Basel, 1489; All four Books: Venice, 1504-1507). Several questions on the immaculate collection, derived from his Sentences commentary, have been edited separately, together with some sermons on the same subject in P. Alva y Astorga, Monumenta Antiqua Seraphica pro Immaculata Conceptione (Louvain, 1664), 275-326. Quodlibet 8 has received a modern edition in W.J. Courtenay, Capacity and Volition. A History of the Distinction of Absolute and Ordained Power (Pergamo, 1990), 126-129 (deals with Qdlb 8)) For these and other Quodlibeta, see also Roßmann (1972).  A Pdf of a 1476 edition of the ''Super primum sententiarum'' scriptum is on [http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060073 Gallica].
* Expositio in VIII Libros Physicorum Aristotelis (Ferrara, 1490; Venice, 1517). See also the use of this commentary in M. Silvagius, Lectura seu Expositio Brevis Memoriae Mandanda (Venice, 1542). En electronic version of the 1517 Venice edition can be found on URL http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060338
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* Passus super Universalia, Predicamenta et Perihermenias (Bologna, 1478) (see Hain 10536); Lerida 1485; Milan, 1489; Venice, 1489; Toulouse, 1490; Venice, 1517). An electronic version of  the 1489 and 1517 Venice editions is on [http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n059436 Gallica].
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* There is a 1490 Toulouse edition apparently [http://bibliothek.uv.es/search*val/aMayer%2C+Henricus+/amayer+henricus/1,1,2,B/l962&FF=amayer+henricus&2,,2,0,-1 here]. Another 1490 edition of several of his Logicalia is on [http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n053143 Gallica].
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* Expositio in VIII Libros Physicorum Aristotelis (Ferrara, 1490; Venice, 1517). See also the use of this commentary in M. Silvagius, Lectura seu Expositio Brevis Memoriae Mandanda (Venice, 1542). En electronic version of the 1517 Venice edition is on [http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060338 Gallica].
 
* Tractatus de Transcendentibus, ed. E.P. Bos (Leyden, 1996).
 
* Tractatus de Transcendentibus, ed. E.P. Bos (Leyden, 1996).
 
* Tratado sobro o principado temporal, trans. José Antônio de Camargo Rodriguez de Souza, Veritas 47 (2002), 473-486.
 
* Tratado sobro o principado temporal, trans. José Antônio de Camargo Rodriguez de Souza, Veritas 47 (2002), 473-486.
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* J. António de Camargo Rodriguez de Souza (transl.), ` A hierocraciano `Quaestio de Subjectione' de frei Francisco de Meyronnes O.M.', in: Lógica e linguagem na Idade Média, ed. L. Alberto de Boni (Porto Alegre, 1995), 163-196
 
* J. António de Camargo Rodriguez de Souza (transl.), ` A hierocraciano `Quaestio de Subjectione' de frei Francisco de Meyronnes O.M.', in: Lógica e linguagem na Idade Média, ed. L. Alberto de Boni (Porto Alegre, 1995), 163-196
 
* Tractatus de Intuitiva et Abstractiva Notitia, ed. G.J. Etzkorn (partial ed.), in: G.J. Etzkorn, `Franciscus de Mayronis: A Newly-Discovered Treatise on Intuitive and Abstractive Cognition', Franciscan Studies, 54 (1994-7), 15-50. See also G.J. Etzkorn & S. Dumont, BPhM, 33 (1991), 59
 
* Tractatus de Intuitiva et Abstractiva Notitia, ed. G.J. Etzkorn (partial ed.), in: G.J. Etzkorn, `Franciscus de Mayronis: A Newly-Discovered Treatise on Intuitive and Abstractive Cognition', Franciscan Studies, 54 (1994-7), 15-50. See also G.J. Etzkorn & S. Dumont, BPhM, 33 (1991), 59
* Tractatus de Primo Principio Complexo (Venice, 1517 & 1520) See also above and the URL http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060338
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* Tractatus de Primo Principio Complexo (Venice, 1517 & 1520) See also above and [http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060338 Gallica].
 
* François de Meyronnes - Pierre Roger, Disputatio Collativa (1320-21), ed. J. Barbet, Textes philosophiques du moyen âge 9 (Paris, 1961) (see Lohr, Traditio, 23 (1967), 409-10 & Idem, Commentateurs, 58-60; see also: F. Ruello, `La notion 'thomiste' de ratio in divinis' dans la Disputatio de François de Meyronnes et de Pierre Roger (1320-21)', RThAM, 32 (1965), 54ff)
 
* François de Meyronnes - Pierre Roger, Disputatio Collativa (1320-21), ed. J. Barbet, Textes philosophiques du moyen âge 9 (Paris, 1961) (see Lohr, Traditio, 23 (1967), 409-10 & Idem, Commentateurs, 58-60; see also: F. Ruello, `La notion 'thomiste' de ratio in divinis' dans la Disputatio de François de Meyronnes et de Pierre Roger (1320-21)', RThAM, 32 (1965), 54ff)
 
* Sermones de Immaculata Conceptione. Some of these are edited in P.Alva y Astorga, Monumenta Antiqua Seraphica pro Immaculata Conceptione (Louvain, 1664), 275ff. Some others are edited in the work of J. Juric (1954 & 1956). Some extracts of his Marian sermon Audite Somnium Meum have been edited by A. Pompei (1955). Cf. Roßmann (1971)  
 
* Sermones de Immaculata Conceptione. Some of these are edited in P.Alva y Astorga, Monumenta Antiqua Seraphica pro Immaculata Conceptione (Louvain, 1664), 275ff. Some others are edited in the work of J. Juric (1954 & 1956). Some extracts of his Marian sermon Audite Somnium Meum have been edited by A. Pompei (1955). Cf. Roßmann (1971)  
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* Veritates de Civitate Dei Augustini (Cologne, 1475/Venice, 1489); Veritates de Civitate Dei & Veritates de Trinitate (Basel, 1505-1506/1515/Lyon, 1520)
 
* Veritates de Civitate Dei Augustini (Cologne, 1475/Venice, 1489); Veritates de Civitate Dei & Veritates de Trinitate (Basel, 1505-1506/1515/Lyon, 1520)
 
* Tractatus de Articulis Fidei, has been edited together with his Sermones de Laudibus Sanctorum (Venice, 1493/Basel, 1498)
 
* Tractatus de Articulis Fidei, has been edited together with his Sermones de Laudibus Sanctorum (Venice, 1493/Basel, 1498)
* Explicatio Decalogi (Paris: Jodocus Badius, 1519). Cf. Roßmann, ‘Quodlibeta’ (1972), 44-45. Roßmann identifies two to three different printed versions. An URL of the 1498 Basel edition apparently can be found on the URL http://diglib.hab.de/inkunabeln/74-6-theol/start.htm
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* Explicatio Decalogi (Paris: Jodocus Badius, 1519). Cf. Roßmann, ‘Quodlibeta’ (1972), 44-45. Roßmann identifies two to three different printed versions. An URL of the 1498 Basel edition apparently can be found on [http://diglib.hab.de/inkunabeln/74-6-theol/start.htm here].
 
* Tractatus de Vita Contemplativa, ed. by B. Roth, ‘Franz von Mayronis über das kontemplative Leben’, in: Kirchengeschichtliche Studien. Festschrift M. Bihl (Colmar, 1941), 114-144. [Predominantly directed to monks and clerics, and more particularly to Franciscan friars. Presents contemplation as an intrinsic aspect of the religious life. Contemplation described as an ‘assistentia spiritualis qua assistit anima nostra Deo.’ It brings us to God. Follows closely Bonaventurean ideas: although intelligence and will both play an important part, the primacy of the will and its love is stressed. Meditation of Scripture, creation and the Passion of Christ as starting point for veritable contemplation.]
 
* Tractatus de Vita Contemplativa, ed. by B. Roth, ‘Franz von Mayronis über das kontemplative Leben’, in: Kirchengeschichtliche Studien. Festschrift M. Bihl (Colmar, 1941), 114-144. [Predominantly directed to monks and clerics, and more particularly to Franciscan friars. Presents contemplation as an intrinsic aspect of the religious life. Contemplation described as an ‘assistentia spiritualis qua assistit anima nostra Deo.’ It brings us to God. Follows closely Bonaventurean ideas: although intelligence and will both play an important part, the primacy of the will and its love is stressed. Meditation of Scripture, creation and the Passion of Christ as starting point for veritable contemplation.]
 
* Francisci Maronis Doctoris Theologiae Illuminatissimi (...) Sermones de Sanctis (Basel, 1498)  
 
* Francisci Maronis Doctoris Theologiae Illuminatissimi (...) Sermones de Sanctis (Basel, 1498)  
 
* Quadragesimale/Sermones de Tempore/Francisci Mayronis Aurei Doctoris Illuminati Sermones (Brussels, 1483 (extracts?)/Venice: Bernardinus de Rovaria, 1491/Cologne, 1490). Predominantly (university) sermons held at Paris. An English translation and an analysis of sermon 57 for the Saturday of the second week of Lent is provided in: Robert J. Karris, ‘Francis of Meyronnes’ sermon 57 on the parable of the prodigal son (Luke 15:11-32)’, Franciscan Studies 63 (2005), 131-158.
 
* Quadragesimale/Sermones de Tempore/Francisci Mayronis Aurei Doctoris Illuminati Sermones (Brussels, 1483 (extracts?)/Venice: Bernardinus de Rovaria, 1491/Cologne, 1490). Predominantly (university) sermons held at Paris. An English translation and an analysis of sermon 57 for the Saturday of the second week of Lent is provided in: Robert J. Karris, ‘Francis of Meyronnes’ sermon 57 on the parable of the prodigal son (Luke 15:11-32)’, Franciscan Studies 63 (2005), 131-158.
* Sermones de laudibus Sanctorum et domenicales per totum annum cum aliquibus tractatibus (Venice: Pelegrinus de Pasqualibus, 1493/Basel, 1498) [also contains the Tractatus de Articulis Fidei, that is works on: Pater Noster, Ave Maria, Magnificat, Missus est, De S. Joanne Baptista, De Corpore Christi, De Septem Donis Spiritus Sancti (ff. 225rb-226vb: ‘eine rein erbaulich-aszetische Schrift…’, Roßmann, (1972), 66, note 200), De Ultimo Iudicio, De Humilitate, De Poenitentia, De Ieiunio, Sermo de Indulgentiis (for St. Petrus in Vinculis)] Cf. Roßmann (1972). ), 45, 59-60 for manuscript info and the ascription of comparable works to Aldibrandinus de Tuscanella OP et. al.. An electronic copy of the 1493 Venice edition can be found on URL http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060175 and an electronic version of the 1498 Basel edition can be found on URL http://diglib.hab.de/inkunabeln/74-6-theol/start.htm
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* Sermones de laudibus Sanctorum et domenicales per totum annum cum aliquibus tractatibus (Venice: Pelegrinus de Pasqualibus, 1493/Basel, 1498) [also contains the Tractatus de Articulis Fidei, that is works on: Pater Noster, Ave Maria, Magnificat, Missus est, De S. Joanne Baptista, De Corpore Christi, De Septem Donis Spiritus Sancti (ff. 225rb-226vb: ‘eine rein erbaulich-aszetische Schrift…’, Roßmann, (1972), 66, note 200), De Ultimo Iudicio, De Humilitate, De Poenitentia, De Ieiunio, Sermo de Indulgentiis (for St. Petrus in Vinculis)] Cf. Roßmann (1972). ), 45, 59-60 for manuscript info and the ascription of comparable works to Aldibrandinus de Tuscanella OP et. al.. An electronic copy of the 1493 Venice edition id on [http://gallica.bnf.fr/scripts/ConsultationTout.exe?O=n060175 Gallica] and an electronic version of the 1498 Basel edition [http://diglib.hab.de/inkunabeln/74-6-theol/start.htm here].
 
* Sermones de Stigmatis S.Francisci, ed. W. Lampen, La France Franciscaine 10 (1927), 371-397. Cf. also Roßmann, Die Hierarchie (1972), 12-13, 42-48; Roßmann (1976) passim
 
* Sermones de Stigmatis S.Francisci, ed. W. Lampen, La France Franciscaine 10 (1927), 371-397. Cf. also Roßmann, Die Hierarchie (1972), 12-13, 42-48; Roßmann (1976) passim
 
* Postillae per Totum Annum et Sermones de Festis>> [Fabricius, II, 195-7; Wadding>>?; AFH, 2 p. 636 & 4, p. 23]
 
* Postillae per Totum Annum et Sermones de Festis>> [Fabricius, II, 195-7; Wadding>>?; AFH, 2 p. 636 & 4, p. 23]
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==Secondary sources ==
 
==Secondary sources ==
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* [http://users.bart.nl/~roestb/franciscan/index.htm Maarten van der Heijden's excellent site] on Franciscans
 
* [http://users.bart.nl/~roestb/franciscan/index.htm Maarten van der Heijden's excellent site] on Franciscans
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== Notability ==
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==Notes==
This philosopher has [[Bcmp Pages:=1]] pages in the ''Blackwell Companion''.
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{{reflist}}
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[[Category:Philosophers]]
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[[Category:Philosophers]]
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<div style="overflow:auto;height:1px;">
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[[Bcmp Pages:=1]]
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[[Birth Date:=1288]]
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[[Flourished:=1323]]
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[[Birth_Country_Name:=France]]
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[[Death Date:=1328 ]]
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[[Death_City:=Piacenza]]
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[[Death_Country_Name:=France]]  
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</div>
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