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Sultan Abdulhamid II
Sultan Abdulhamid II or Abdul Hamid II was responsible for Assyrian Genocide between 1894-1896 in Turkey, where about 300 000 Assyrian & other Christians died. 50 000 children were orphaned.
The Hamidian massacres (Armenian: Համիդյան ջարդեր), also referred to as the Armenian Massacres of 1894–1896 and Great Massacres,refer to massacres of Armenians of the Ottoman Empire. The massacres are named after Sultan Abdul Hamid II, who, in his efforts to reinforce the territorial integrity of the embattled Ottoman Empire, reasserted Pan-Islamism as a state ideology. Although the massacres were aimed mainly at the Armenians, they turned into indiscriminate anti-Christian pogroms in some cases, such as in Diyarbekir Vilayet where some 25,000 Assyrians were killed.
Sultan Abdulhamid II, who ruled over the Ottoman Empire for a period of almost 33 years when it was in decline. Discontent with Abdulhamid’s despotic rule and resentment against European intervention in the Balkans, however, led to the military revolution of the Young Turks in 1908. After a short-lived reactionary uprising (April 1909), Abdulhamid was deposed/dethroned.
He was imprisoned by members of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) soon after his dethronement. When the Balkan Wars started in 1912, he was deposed/dethroned and was confined to Beylerbeyi Palace. Sultan Abdulhamid II spent six years there until his death in 1918. The palace became a prison for the sultan, one of the last rulers/dictators of the Ottoman Empire.
Sultan Abdulhamid II passed away in the palace on February 10 1918. It was claimed that the sultan died due to tons of stress. He was always afraid somebody was out there to kill him.
At least there was some justice for this tyrant/dictator in the end!