Preps for Article (this is my work page)
The first time the surname Xuvella was mentioned was in a document dated 1642 (2nd February), Blato - Blatta.
(ref from:Vela Luka od 1490 do 1834 by Zvonko Maricih-p168)
Devastating plague in 1617 on Korcula.
- The most extensive migrations to these islands occurred during the Cypriote (1571-1573), Candian (1645-1669), and Morean wars (1684-1699) (between Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire).
Ref from: The Land of 1000 Islands by Igor Rudan
Note: According to family tradition of the Zuvela's, the family came from France. This is the only bit of information that has been passed down concerning the Zuvela's family origins. This is a made up story!
By 1853 Nikola Ostojic writes that the Zuvelas had no origin stories/old memories (as he puts it), which means in the mid 1850's it was not know from where they came from. The family had been on Korcula for over around 220 years and by then had lost their orgin history.
- Xuvella's arrived on the west end of the island of Korcula in the c.1620s.
Note: Era of the Black Plague, Ottoman (Turkish) invasions & Uskoci in the Republic of Venice's Dalmatian region.
- First mention in Blato (Blatta) documents in 1642, Antonio Xuvella. He was most likely born around 1610s or earlier (a Zouvella-Greek or Greco-Venetian).
The first written source known about Xuvellas is from 1642. So in Blato on 2nd of February, 1642 on the island of Korčula, part of the Republic of Venice, a contract of land transaction was concluded. The neighboring land mentioned was in Postražišće. This neighboring land belonged to Antonio Xuvella (modern Croatian: Antun Žuvela) without mentioning the family origin, for example; son of ...... . This is the first record ever mentioned of the Zuvela family. This information is taken from 'Vela Luka from 1490 to 1834.' Zvonko Maričić (p. 168).
NOTE: Maričić received this information from: 'Sources for the History of the Island of Korčula' by Ante Kalogjera, Zagreb (1980). The book has many translations of old records of the Venetian Republic in relation to Korčula (from Venetian-Italian to standard Croatian).
1. Owned property in Rasohatica (formerly known as Rasohatija), prior to 1642.
2. Owned property in Postražišće, proir to 1642.
Witness for a doc signing in 22/05/1644 Antonio (locally might have been referred to as Autun).
Exchange 211 sheep for a house in Blato (Velikom Ućijaku).
3. House ownership in the village prior to 18/04/1649, date of exchange.
Had FIVE sons with no date of birth:
Son 1. Matteo/Matij (b. cia 1620s)
Son 2. Cosma/Kuzma
Son 3. Giacobbe/Jakov
Son 4. Antonio/Autun
Son 5. Nicolo/Nikola
Antonio passed away by 1672.
First date of birth OF a island Zuvela is 1651, a son born to Matteo/Matij called Autun (jnr). (Antonio Xuvella's grandson)
Antun (Antonio or Ante jnr) then married Frana and they had five children (Matteo's grand children):
- Matij born 1670 (Matij married Kata)
- Marin 1675
- Ivan 1681
- Jaka 1683
- Nikola 1684
Ante jnr was 19 years old for his first born.
Giacobbe/Jakov of the late Antonio Xuvella (Autun) made land purchase in 15/02/1672. Land is in Hobotovoj Njivici. Antonio Xuvella (Autun) had passed away by 1672.
Ivan son of the late Cosma/Kuzma witness for a doc signing in 22/12/1672. Cosma/Kuzma has passed away by 1672.
Nikola son of the late Giacobbe/Jakov land purchase in 15/02/1679. Giacobbe/Jakov had passed away by 1679.
- According to Zvonko Maričić, Xuvella'a built farm/work cottages in the bay of Vallegrande 1680/90s. Warehouses of sardines and wine in the bay (map of Korčula by V.M Coronelli 1688).
Nikola son of the late Giacobbe/Jakov land purchase in 3/12/1705. Lands mentioned in Privor and vines in Vrbovica (Giacobbe/Jakov passed away by 1679).
The mystery Zuvela (Jerko) who is mentioned within the writings of Zvonko Maričić (p169) which is in 3/11/1705, Nikola of the late Jerka Žuvela (Xuvella). Land mentioned Rasohatica (Rasohatija).
- Stone Cross built in 1761- Vincidur (Vinčidur).
- Stone Cross built in 1818- in Kruševo near Rasohatica.
- House built in 1837 in Vela Luka (Vallegrande) with FX signature.
- A Xuvella Giacobbo di Francesco (Jacob-today in Croatian: Jakov) was enrolled in School year of 1862./63.; III. r. (grade). Son of Francesco, meaning Franko.
Original name of the school: Imp. re. Scuola elementare-Minore di Tre Classi (Teresi Castellani) ref from:Osnovna Škola "Vela Luka" Vela Luka Zbornik-150 Godina Školstva u Velaoj Luci (p48)
- Antonio is a Greek, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish first name. Wikipedia: "The name derives from Antonius, a well known Latin family name, probably of Etruscan origin".
- Matijev or Matija is Slovene, Croatian and Serbian form of MATTHIAS, used to refer to the apostle chosen to replace Judas Iscariot. It is occasionally used as a feminine name. Ref from www.behindthename.com
Nick names: Lemunada
Franko Lemunada born 1795 had four sons:
- Ćoro was Franko b.1828 (d.1909. Frank lived for 81 years.
- Mede was Nikola b. 1830 (d.1899). Nikola lived for 69 years.
- Lese was Ante b. 1833 (d.1900). Anton lived for 67 years.
- Treće was Ivan b. 1835 (d.1918). Ivan lived for 84 years.
|“||NOTE: It is universally accepted that the Vènet language needs distinct symbols for the sound of the letter S (as s in English sun) and the sound of the letter X (as z in English zone). There are too many words that require this distinction.
For example, rusàre (to rash, to get rashed) and ruxàre (to prowl), sa (if, or short for what) and xa (already), sìxo£a (type of gardening scythe) and xìxo£a (stinging cold, or hard strike), sugàre (to dry up) and xugàre (to play), sarà (closed) and xara (pitcher). However, not everyone adopts the letter X to represent this sound (mostly because it is used for a different sound in other languages: "ks"), and quite a few writers opt to use the letter Z instead. The letter X is anyhow the preferred graphical representation, not only because the letter Z is already used for another sound, and therefore to avoid confusion. But also because this is the letter historically used to represent this sound. Although it was not used all the times (even by the same authors) it has been constantly present for centuries.
It has also been suggested to substitute the letter X with the letter S, when before another consonant. The reason being that it is widely known what to pronounce (X in front of B, D, G, L, M, N, Ñ, R, V; and S in front of C, F, P. T). There are some exception, however: slòsa (transportation vehicle) and xlòso (rotten, broken). For simplicity and clarity, it is recomended to always distinguish between X and S.
The letter X is also used in the diagraph XH (as J in French Jardin ). As with SH, this pronunciation is ONLY present in the ladino-vènet dialect. See the Vèneto Arkìvio for the appropriate graphical representation. For example, xhal (rooster).
Above taken from www.veneto.org - currently off line
- Xuàne in Venetian is John. Giovanni in Italian link & Venetian-English English-Venetian: When in Venice Do as the Venetians.
- Jovàni in Venetian is John (link)
|“||The grapheme Ž (minuscule: ž) is formed from Latin Z with the addition of caron (Czech: háček). It is used in various contexts, usually denoting the voiced postalveolar fricative, a sound similar to English g in genre, or Portuguese and French j. In the International Phonetic Alphabet this sound is denoted with [ʒ], but the lowercase ž is used in the Americanist phonetic notation, as well as in the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet. In addition, ž is used as the romanisation of Cyrillic ж in ISO 9 and scientific transliteration.||”|
- Above taken from Wikipedia
Surnames on the west end of the island around Xuvella's arrival
- de Ismael One of the land owers of the west end of the island (Croatisation: Izmaeli)
- de Gabriel (Croatisation:Gabrijeliċ)
- de Giunio (Croatisation:Đunio)
- de Arneri
- de Canavel or Kanavelić
- Nikonitia or Nikoničić (according to Zvonko Maričić this is a Croatian family)
- Drahinei (Draginić)
- Cettineo (Cetinić)
- Mirosevich (Mirošević)
- Xuvella (Žuvela)
- Surian (Surjan)
Re: Xuvellas & Nikola Ostojic
Peter Zuvela 01 February 2011
Vela Luka-Historijsko Topografski Prikaz by Nikola Ostojić-page 29.
The original translation:
- 36. Xuvela. Of these people I don’t have past memories except for their primitive residence was in ? from where they transported them to Blatta where in ? large from 1700 afterwards the built houses and floors/attics/lofts which now remain largely ? for their migration in Vallegrande.
Edit one by Peter Zuvela:
- 36. Xuvela. Of these people I don’t have past memories except for their primitive residence was in Rasohatija from where they transported them to Blatta where in Uciack large from 1700 afterwards the built houses and floors/attics/lofts which now remain largely empty for their migration in Vallegrande.
Edit two by Peter Zuvela:
- 36. Xuvella. Of these people I don’t have past memories except for their primitive residence was in Rasohatica (Rasohatija) from where they transported themselves to Blato (Velikom Učijaku). Afterwards from 1700s they built large houses and floors/attics/lofts which now remain largely empty because of their migration to Vela Luka.
Edit three by Peter Zuvela:
- 36. Xuvella. Of these people I don’t have any history except for their primitive residence was in Rasohatica from where they moved to Blato (Velikom Učijaku). Afterwards from 1700s they built large houses and floors/attics/lofts which now remain largely empty because of their move to Vela Luka. Peter Z. 10:34, 1 February 2011 (UTC)
Yann Bonguardo's Work
Korcula Island: Stato dell’ Anime 1789
In this 1789 document the surname spelling is Zuvella. Source: Biskupija Dubrovnik Yann Bonguardo 2009
New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island)
- Athena Zouvella from Zakynthos, Greece 1922 
- Angela Zavello Oddalengo, Oddalengo, Grande, Italy 1907  Zovello, 33020 Ravascletto Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
- Emanuele Zivello Castelfranci, Italy 1910 
- Felippa Zavello Ianain 1892
- Franceso Zavello 1922
List from Korcula:
1. Antonio Zuvela-Vollegrande 1903
2. Doda Zuvela- Velaluha, Austria 1904
3. Doda Marino Zuvela-Curzola 1901
4. Geovanni Zuvela-Triest 1903
5. Giorgis Zuvela- Cuyola 1906
6. Iroce Nicolo Zuvela-Vallegrande 1902
7. Ivan Zuvela-Blatto, Dalmatia 1910
8. Jerko Zuvela-Velaluka 1912
9. Kokot Vinc. Zuvela-Corzola 1901
10. Luigia Zuvela-Velaluha, Austria 1904
11. Marin Zuvela-Veloluka 1906
12. Marko Zuvela-Blatto, Dalmatia 1910
13. Petar Zuvela -Raguse, Herzegov (USA) 1920
14. Petar Zuvela-Veloluka 1906
15. Petrun Antonio Zuvela-Vallegrande 1902
16. Piotr Zuvela-Kroz..., Austria 1905
17. Tote Zuvela-Blato, Austria 1910
18. Vincenzo Zuvela Vallegrande 1904
19. Yela Zuvela Vallegrande, Austria 1914